Get to know Qtum: The Basics

Qtum is a blockchain platform that merges the advantages of Bitcoin’s UTXO blockchain design and Ethereum’s Smart Contract functionality.

This combination enables users to create, manage, and engage in blockchain services and products efficiently.
Let’s explore the unique features and inner workings that make Qtum a notable player in the blockchain sector.

History of Qtum

In September 2017, Qtum’s main network came to life, marking a significant milestone in the blockchain’s history. Over the course of six years, the Qtum core team has tirelessly worked on enhancing the platform, with more than 40 wallet releases to their name.
Some notable updates include:

The Decentralized Governance Protocol allows the community to increase the block size up to 8000kb and adjust gas fees on demand.

32-second block targeting and Segregated Witness for higher throughput.

Proof-of-Stake consensus model.

Taproot and EVM one updates to the Ethereum Virtual Machine.

Qtum core codebase updated to keep up with all BIPs offered with the latest Bitcoin Core release.

Qtum’s “Account Abstraction Layer” which allows the UTXO model to host the Ethereum Virtual Machine without needing an Ethereum blockchain clone.

Implementation of popular ERC standards like ERC20, ERC1155, ERC721, etc.
Their efforts have focused on increasing blockchain speed while ensuring that the code remains in sync with the latest developments from Bitcoin Core and Ethereum.

Since its inception in 2015, Qtum’s mission has been to create a blockchain that blends the battle-tested stability of Bitcoin Core’s UTXO model with the capabilities of smart contracts on a decentralized Proof-of-Stake mechanism. This unique recipe has proven its relevance over the years.
One of Qtum’s notable achievements in the realm of scalability is the introduction of smart contracts that allow the community to adjust gas fees and block sizes.

This innovation, known as the “Decentralized Governance Protocol,” has made Qtum faster than both Ethereum and Bitcoin without compromising decentralization.

Decentralization remains a core concern for the Qtum team, especially in a landscape where high throughput often takes precedence.

Their perspective is clear: true mass adoption necessitates a strong foundation of decentralization on the base layer, with layer 2 solutions catering to the need for “millions to billions” of transactions.

Uses of QTUM Token

The purpose of the Qtum token is to pay for gas on the Qtum network and to secure the network through the Proof-of-Stake model. Any other use of the Qtum token is merely speculation on secondary market price action.

The Qtum network requires a token cost to send coins. If there wasn’t a cost associated with a transaction, anyone could create a looped transaction between two or more wallet addresses and effectively kill the blockchain with spam transactions.

This is exactly why there’s a gas fee, and the only purpose of the Qtum token is to pay that fee. This doesn’t mean the Qtum network’s only capability is to send and receive tokens. This applies to smart contracts as well.

Qtum tokens are also required to solve blocks, also known as staking, which secures the blockchain.

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